Nestled in a narrow valley amongst high green hills, the red roofed city of Sarajevo has long been famous for its cultural and religious diversity. It is the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and traces its roots back to the Ottoman Empire under which it was founded in 1461. Its Turkish roots are evident in the winding streets of the Turkish old town, in the picturesque mosques, and the delicious Turkish influenced food and strong coffee often enjoyed at outdoor cafes.
Sarajevo is often called the “Jerusalem of Europe,” because practitioners of Islam, Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Judaism have lived side by side for centuries. It’s history has been one marred by ethnic and religious conflict on all sides. Sarajevo endured a brutal four year siege from 1992-1996 during the Bosnian war for Independence and bullet holes are still visible in many buildings.